This site contains three papers in chronological order of appearance in the Proceedings of the Alternative Natural Philosophy Association (ANPA) – 2013, 2018, 2020 – on the subject of Awareness in computers.

The first, The Topsy Test for Awareness, addresses the question of how one might determine if an otherwise unknown entity is aware. The paper defines what is meant by awareness, describes how one might achieve this in a computer, and the details of the test. Systems based on statistical properties found in ‘big data’ cannot in principle be aware, and are therefore ignored; appositely, space-like computation uses no arithmetic calculation whatsoever.

The Topsy Test for Awareness

The second paper, Awareness Lies Outside of Turing’s Box, presents a detailed mathematical treatment of the overall approach, which is called Space-Like Computation. Its use of geometric algebra as a direct expression of computational semantics is novel, and has sufficient power to express the Universal Wave Function of quantum mechanics. The basic structure of this wave function yields a succinct definition of consciousness:

 Awareness is a resonance, and consciousness is awareness of awareness.

Awareness Lies Outside of Turing’s Box

The third paper below, Out of the Box: Self-Organizing Awareness, is drawn from the text of the actual patent [granted May 2020] that introduces this technology. Besides introductory and explanatory material, it also presents the key components of the source code for achieving space-like computation. In particular, it presents for the first time the crucial “back-chaining” feature which allows on-the-fly production of plans for achieving goals.

Out of the Box: Self-Organizing Awareness

The mathematical signature of the space-like computational paradigm is U(1) x SU(2) x SU(3) x SO(4), ie. the Standard Model of quantum mechanics augmented with 3+1d. A companion website, TauQuernions.org, exhibits the Standard Model in terms of the present paradigm, and besides being minimal, includes explicit expressions for such things as the Higgs boson and dark matter.


Please visit www.tauquernions.org for more information.


We intend to announce a contest, with modest monetary prizes, for exceptional contributions that either (1) visually illustrate how the paradigm works – the math and/or the code and/or the hierarchical dynamic, or (2) a cartoon approach to same. So if you are interested, now is the time to start thinking.

Michael Manthey holds a PhD in Computer Science and has taught operating systems, networks, and computer architecture at universities in the USA and Europe. He resigned his tenured associate professorship at Aalborg University (Denmark) to pursue research full-time. He lives in Colorado, USA.